ethics of cyberactivism: ethics of organizing and ethics of technology

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Ethics of technology and ethics of organizing: The cyberactivists’ struggle for moral values in cyberspace
Cyberactivism indicate the realm of collective action in cyberspace that addresses network infrastructure or exploits the infrastructure’s technical and ontological features for political or social change. Examples of cyberactivism include electronic disturbance tactics, the autonomous creation of infrastructure, software and hardware hacking, and hacktivism. Although some of their critics consider these activists to be some sort of anarchic cyber-guerillas, cyberactivists reclaim for themselves a role of “guardians” of the internet. They embody a set of moral norms grounded on values such as openness, transparency and self-expression. In this paper, I explore these norms and ethical discourses. I distinguish between two dimensions: the ethics of technology and the ethics of organizing, which are strictly interrelated. The ethics of technology, in particular, is visible in the design of technology and infrastructure, which for activists is both a process and the outcome of activism.